Low Earth Orbit Destinations 12 hours

Envisioning the Space Stations, from public to commercial space architecture.  The course will focus on the space architecture in Low Earth Orbit.

$900 USD

LEO Destinations

Architecture is an expression of human evolution in material and aesthetic form. In this course, our goal is to develop your ability to perceive and interpret architecture as a reflection of technological advancements and artistic achievements. You will gain a comprehensive understanding of space architecture in the low Earth orbit (LEO) context through vivid analyses of past space architectures, which were created with limited data and knowledge at the time.Throughout the course, you will achieve the following goals:

12 hours

Goals of the Course

  • Develop the skills to read, analyze, and comprehend various forms of space architecture in the low Earth orbit.
  • Gain historical insights into significant works of past space stations, understanding their design principles and operational considerations.
  • Learn typology as a framework to create your own architectural drawings and models, applying design principles specific to LEO space architecture.
  • Cultivate an academic approach and acquire a fundamental understanding of low Earth orbit space architecture, enabling you to contribute to the field with critical thinking and innovative ideas.

By the end of the course, you will have a solid foundation in space architecture, equipping you with the knowledge and skills to engage in meaningful discussions, analyze architectural designs, and explore the future possibilities of space habitats.


In the warm-up module, we will delve into the evolution of space architecture, from ancient temples to modern spacecraft. We will introduce the course, discuss the responsibilities of a space architect, and explore the role of architectural imagination in space design. Additionally, we will examine the psychological changes and human factors involved in living and working in the harsh environment of space. 1 hour


This module, we will focus on the typology and design objectives of low Earth orbit (LEO) architecture. We will study different typologies within space architecture and specifically explore the typology of LEO architecture. The principles of LEO space architecture, such as flexibility, changeability, modularity, repetition, and the benefit of grid architecture, will be examined. We will also discuss the methodology of LEO space architecture and the importance of human-centered design in creating functional and comfortable space habitats. 1 hours

Module III NECESSARY SYSTEMS IN LEO (Advantages and disadvantages)

Our focus in this module will be on the necessary systems in LEO and their advantages and disadvantages. We will dive into the major systems required for life in space, including power, thermal support, extra-vehicular activities (EVA), structure, avionics, propulsion, guidance, and more. We will also explore additional considerations such as storage, waste management, medical care, and crew hygiene. The challenges posed by the space environment, such as fluid loss, visual problems, and muscle loss, will be discussed along with potential solutions and the importance of exercise in space.

2 hours


In this week, we will take a historical perspective by studying past space stations such as Skylab, the Shuttle program, and MIR. We will analyze the lessons learned from these previous projects and discuss their impact on current space architecture. Students will engage in a research exercise focused on a specific past space station, deepening their understanding of its design and functionality. 2 hours


The focus of this module will be on the International Space Station (ISS) as the present-day low Earth orbit habitat. We will examine the architecture and activities taking place on the ISS, understanding its design principles and operational considerations. Additionally, we will explore the concept of inflatable structures and their advantages and disadvantages in space habitats. Through exercises and readings, students will develop an understanding of the application of architectural theory and schematic design in space environments. 2 hours


This module, we will shift our attention to the future of space architecture, specifically commercial LEO destinations currently in development. We will examine projects like Orbital Reef, Axiom, Northrup Grumman, and NanoRacks, analyzing how their mission objectives shape architectural design. Students will engage in discussions and exercises exploring the multiple missions and unique architectural considerations of these commercial LEO destinations. 2 hours

Module VII Future of Space Architecture -Futuristic point of through Architecture

In the final module, we will discuss the future trends and possibilities in space architecture. We will explore rotating space stations and partial gravity environments, understanding the medical problems they aim to solve. Additionally, we will discuss futuristic concepts such as responsible and smart architecture, the application of the Internet of Things in space, human-machine and AI correlations, and new technologies. Students will engage in a thought-provoking exercise envisioning long-range future space colonies. The course will culminate in the final presentation of student projects that showcase their knowledge and understanding of space architecture principles and concepts.

Throughout the course, students will engage in reading exercises that complement the topics covered each week, allowing for deeper exploration and understanding of the subject matter. Recommended books will also be provided to further expand their knowledge in the field of space architecture. 2 hours

Ayse Oren

Instructor Ayse Oren is a multidisciplinary artist, architect, and designer. Her works are on the contemporary and conceptual side that includes abstract art, sculpture, furniture and product design, graphic design, and presentations. Educated as an interior architect, her broad interests span such fields as history, philosophy and psychology, and space architecture.


Who can enroll?

Students from all walks of life are invited to enrol! All you need is access to email and a strong internet connection to participate in live sessions and watch KSI educational content.

When do courses start?

We launch new courses every month, so check back regularly to see our latest offerings. Sign up to keep up to date on new courses, delivered to your email wherever you are.

Will the sessions be recorded?

Live sessions will happen on Zoom. We encourage you to attend all sessions, but if you are unable to attend recordings will be shared with all course participants. (Note: All times are listed in EST.)

How do I take a course?

After you successfully enroll in a Course, you’ll get email notices as well as calendar invites to upcoming sessions. At the time of class, use the links provided to enter the classroom and log in as prompted.

What are the requirements to become a student?

The platform is available on desktops and mobile devices. ‍Please have your mic and camera ready to participate. Develop new skills and gain new experiences as you learn alongside others building humanity’s future in space.

Is there a waitlist for full courses?

Yes, waitlists for the next cohort are opened once a course’s seats have been filled, you will have the option to add your name to a waitlist. If a seat becomes available, you’ll be notified via email.

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